THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

Construction industry

The construction industry covers a broad range of activities from residential, industrial, commercial, and other buildings to heavy and civil engineering projects such as sewers, roads, highways, bridges, tunnels, and other projects related to infrastructure, down to specialty operations such as electrical work, plumbing and carpentry. The scientific disciplines that converge in the construction industry are numerous and diverse and include structural, civil, geotechnical and hydraulic engineering, just to name a few.

The Modern Challenges facing the Construction Industry

Among the many challenges faced by the industry, the following stand out:

  • compliance with global climate change regulations;
  • the safety and health monitoring of aging infrastructures, which need to be brought up to  modern safety standards;
  • cost overruns due to insufficient analysis at the design stage of the project.

These issues are forcing the industry to invest time and resources in the following areas:

  • green buildings, also known as sustainable or high performance buildings; a new field that is gaining quick momentum in the discovery and implementation of processes that are environmentally responsible and resource efficient;
  • new manufacturing processes and materials, which are the main drivers for applied research in the field. Materials typical of other industrial disciplines, such as composite materials, are increasingly being used in the construction industry;
  • more detailed designs to ensure compliance with a broad range of increasingly demanding technical standards;
  • improved assessment and verification of the consequences of rare events associated with significant risk levels for the community in the form of improved fire, seismic and impact analysis of structures in the design phase of a project. The design phase is therefore becoming increasingly important in order to reduce hazards or unexpected circumstances which may have major consequences on the allocated budget.

How Numerical Simulation is helping the Construction Industry’s Challenges

Today, numerical simulation plays a crucial role in the construction industry. It provides indispensable design tools for the prototyping of new products and structures, resulting in their production at a fraction of the cost that would be incurred if extensive physical testing was used instead. Structural analysis, in which numerical simulation techniques have become the industry standard, provides a palpable example of this.

The complexity of the simulation software available, allows the engineer to deal with most application areas in the construction Industry, even those requiring multi-disciplinary fields such as soil-structure interaction and fluid-structure interaction. Optimization frameworks can be also exploited to drive numerical simulations and to obtain minimum cost solutions, which is of particular importance when facing budget constraints.

How can EnginSoft help you with your Construction Projects?

EnginSoft offers consultancy in a wide range of civil engineering applications with expertise ranging from the structural analysis of bridges and stadiums to the design of tunnels, to the assessment of offshore installations and the development of expert systems for precast components. EnginSoft is your ideal partner for specific project related consultancies and for the development of integrated tailor made design solutions.

Case Study

  • Structural Optimization of the Drift Chamber at FermiLAB

    This project, a collaboration between EnginSoft and the Italian Institute of Nuclear Physics (I.N.F.N.), involved the structural analysis and the design optimization of a Drift Chamber to be mounted on the Mu2e particle detector at FermiLAB in Chicago, Illinois. The ultimate goal of the study was to optimize the Drift Chamber’s performance in terms of stiffness, strength and weight. Learn more ...

  • FEA of a Reinforced Concrete Tunnel under Fire Conditions

    Fire performance evaluation is fast becoming an important part of the overall structural performance assessment and is assuming an increasing role within international standards. Simple approaches, based on single section performance, often fail to give a realistic description of the phenomenon. This is especially so in the case of statically indeterminate structures, where thermo-mechanical coupling and nonlinear dependency of stress, moduli and expansion need to be accounted for. Learn more ...

  • Woodrail Road Barrier Impact Analysis

    The Woodrail® road barrier is designed to improve vehicle safety blending in with the surrounding environment. The barrier has been thoroughly tested and certified against car and bus impact conditions. Since road barriers are built to improve safety of larger road vehicles, they are potentially very dangerous for motorcyclists. For this reason, Woodrail designed a protection system to explicitly account for impact of a human sliding on the road surface and hitting the road barrier Learn more ...

  • Calibrating Area Network Drainage Models in Infoworks CS

    The costly and labor intensive process to accurately calibrate slow runoff parameters is well recognized in the water industry. It can often take the engineer as long as a week or more to calibrate just one flow monitor. This is why we have built an interface that bridges InfoWorks and ModeFRONTIER. Learn more ...

  • Athens 2004 Olympic Stadium Roof Restyling

    The Athens 2004 Olympic Stadium roof is an impressive cable-stayed steel roof structure designed by the renowned architect Santiago Calatrava and constructed by Cimolai Spa of Italy. The erection procedure resulted in a complex construction sequence where two separate halves were built and then transported to their final position above the Olympic Stadium. Learn more ...

  • Johannesburg 2010 World Cup Stadium Roof and Facade Design

    When the FNM stadium in Johannesburg was selected as the venue for the 2010 FIFA World Cup, an ambitious remodeling and expansion plan for the stadium was initiated. The remodeled stadium which became known as Soccer City or the “Calabash” was to have its facade clad with a mosaic made of, earth and fire colored, light fiber-cement panels. The cantilever roof structure was to be clad with PTFE membranes matching the sand color of the mines found in the stadium neighborhood. Learn more ...

  • Structural Analysis of the Celtic Gateway Footbridge Design

    The "Celtic Gateway" is a cable stayed, stainless steel footbridge connecting the port in the Welsh island of Anglesey to the town center of Holyhead. The footbridge is supported by two cable-stayed, stainless steel arches lying on inclined planes, supporting a steel deck with concrete infill. The bridge was built by Cimolai Spa of Italy who needed a complete third party structural assessment on the final footbridge design before the construction of the bridge was started. Learn more ...

  • Cross Validation of the Final Design for the Margaret Hunt Hill Bridge

    The Margaret Hunt Hill Bridge is a cable stayed bridge with a main span of 365.0 m and with a 122.0 m tall main central arch. The bridge was designed by the world famed architect Santiago Calatrava, and it is part of the City of Dallas’s Trinity River Corridor Project. The bridge represents an example of a cable stayed mixed steel-concrete structure, where the stay cables are asymmetrically connected to the center of the deck and to the top of the central transverse steel arch. Learn more ...

  • Lateral Buckling Analysis of a Cable-Stayed Arch

    The stability phenomenon of the lateral buckling of a cable-stayed arch imposes restrictions on the design of the arch itself. The cable-stayed arch on one of the three bridges designed by Santiago Calatrava in Reggio Emilia, Italy, is a brilliant example of how computer aided engineering can assist engineers to contrive an optimal solution to the problem of lateral buckling. Learn more ...

  • Shape Rolling of a European Standard Beam IPE Profile

    A pilot study carried out by engineers from EnginSoft and Beltrame concluded that the production process of a hot rolled IPE Profile can be successfully simulated using a combination of experience and numerical simulation. The study allowed the engineers to estimate the shape profile geometry after each roll pass, the rolls wear and the total load and point at which the beam will bend in off-center setups. Learn more ...

  • Multi-Objective Optimization of a Paper Machine Lead Roller Support

    The intent of the study was to produce a new design for a cast iron (GJS400) lead roller support used in a paper machine which reduces its weight, while maintaining or reducing its fatigue life cycle resulting from regular production use. Since these two objectives could be construed as conflicting, a multi-disciplinary design simulation that encompassed the main life cycle stages of the component, from its design to its production and in-service use, was set up in order to produce a new design where both of these objectives were optimized. Learn more ...

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